Hello Reader today we have brought you here some interesting insight related to mass destruction bomb – Known as Nuclear Weapon. Today we will share with you the updated list of Countries with Nuclear Weapons in 2023. In today’s world, nine countries currently possess nuclear weapons, including the five major countries that occupy the five permanent slots on the United Nations Security Council – The United States of America, Russia, China, France and The United Kingdom
Nuclear Weapons Today
The use of nuclear weapons to end World War II sparked an arms race between the nations of the world, particularly the United States and the newly formed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.), in which each country sought to manufacture and prepare as many nuclear weapons as possible. This nuclear proliferation reached its peak of approximately 70,000 missile-mounted nuclear warheads in 1986, then began to decline sharply with mutual disarmament agreements such as Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) of 1987 and the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks that began in the ’80s and continued off and on into the early ’10s. As of 2021, there are estimated to be just over 13,000 available nuclear warheads in the world.
List of Countries with Nuclear Weapons in 2023
Insights of the nine “Nuclear Powered Nations”
In past eight different nations around the world have successfully detonated nuclear weapons, and a ninth appears to have the capability to do so. The 1970 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, otherwise known as the NPT, authorizes the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—the United States, Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom—to possess nuclear weapons on their territory with no need for justification or explanation.
Three additional states have conducted nuclear testing even though they did not sign the NPT: North Korea, India, and Pakistan. Of these three, North Korea’s nuclear capability is most notable because the country appears to be violating United Nations resolutions that prohibit North Korea from developing nukes or ballistic missiles. The Middle Eastern country of Israel, known as the Holy Land to many Christians, Muslims, and Jews, is not known to have ever tested nuclear weapons but is known to possess them just the same. Israel’s government refuses to confirm or deny the country’s nuclear capabilities.
While any country that uses nuclear power plants to generate electricity could theoretically also develop nuclear weapons, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1996 proposed that no additional countries be allowed to create or possess nuclear weapons. This includes countries that have never had nukes as well as nations that previously possessed nuclear weapons but for whatever reason no longer do. These countries include South Africa, Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.
Nuclear Technology Ban or Boon
👉Hiroshima (Little Boy)
Only two nuclear weapons were used in wartime, both by the United States at the end of World War II. On August 6, 1945, a “uranium guns” fission bomb codenamed “Little Boy” was dropped from a Boeing B-29 Superfortress on Hiroshima. The bomb exploded with an estimated 15,000 tons of TNT. It killed 66,000 to 80,000 people, injuring 69,000 others, and leveling 4.7 miles of the city. The bomb’s incredible destructive power and renewed declaration of war by the Soviet Union did not stop the Japanese government from vowing to fight on. The U.S. planned a second attack on the second target.
👉Nagasaki (Fat Man)
Three days after Hiroshima was hit by the nuclear bomb, U.S. bombers set off a second nuclear weapon. This time, it was a plutonium core, implosion-type bomb codenamed Fat Man. It was detonated just three days later. Although the bomb detonated nearly two miles away from its target due to clouds and smoke, it killed between 35,000 and 40,000 people and left roughly 60,000 more injured. The long-term effects of the explosion will increase the death toll to 39,000 to 80,000 over the years. Japan surrendered to the United States after being threatened by more bombings. This ended World War II.
Types of nuclear weapon Technology
Pure fission weapons — The simplest type, and the only type used in warfare thus far. Fission weapons release energy by splitting atoms, typically of uranium or plutonium.
Boosted fission weapons — These weapons achieve double the destructive power of the fission (atom-splitting) explosion by augmenting it with a bit of fusion (atom combining) fuel, which enhances the reaction.
Staged thermonuclear weapons — The most destructive type of nuclear weapon. These warheads use a fission or boosted fission reaction to set off a pure fusion reaction, resulting in an up to 100x increase in destructive power.
Historically, fission weapons were referred to as atomic/atom bombs and fusion weapons were called hydrogen bombs. Today, “atomic bomb” has been replaced by “nuclear weapon,” which is also used as a general blanket term referring to any of these weapons, and “hydrogen bomb” has been replaced by “thermonuclear weapon.”