After independence India started its transition from an agrarian to an industrial society. As a result better understanding of the elements of conflict and change in social life was needed. It was in this backdro that the teaching of sociology was started in Bareilly College in the early sixties of the last century under the able guidance of Dr. R. N. Mukerjee, a sociologist, author and researcher par excellence. Sociology now constitutes a distinct and recognized field of study, with its own increasingly refined models, approaches and methods of research. Its rapid expansion in numbers of students and teachers reflects the need for extensive and critical social research.
Sociology is taught at U. G. and P. G. level in the college, which is also a UGC recognized centre for social research. In U. G classes studies are taught about basic concepts of sociology Indian social system, social control and change social problems, research methodology and Indian Social Thinkers. The course at PG level offers studies in classical social Thinkers, advanced research methodology, sociology of culture, religion and deviance, sociological perspectives, Indian society and culture, Rural sociology and social Anthropology selected students can also opt for social problem related minor research projects.
As a career, there are three major areas in which future sociologists can find employment:
Students are encouraged to equip themselves so that they can take up teaching assignments at intermediate/degree colleges, Universities, management and engineering institutes. Research in second to teaching as the most common career option within sociology. Research can be done in a variety of employment settings - in a University, in an institute, in a business on industrial firm, in a N. G. O. or even in the non-profit or advocacy sector. There are a number of options for sociological practice.