Persian language is spoken in three countries i.e. Iran, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. Apart from these countries in some pockets of Uzbekistan also Persian is spoken. This is one of the oldest languages of the world. In our country also, Persian has been the official language for almost eight countries in medieval period. To understand the medieval society and culture of India, knowing the Persian language and literature is must because most of the books have been written in Persian. For job perspectives, knowledge of Persian language has many advantages. For diplomatic and cultural reason also, Persian is very important. As we know, India has a long history of cultural relations with Iran and Afghanistan which have added to basic foundation of cultural assimilation in our country. Traditionally, India has good diplomatic relation with Iran. Therefore, there are many institutions in our country as well as Iran which work for the achievement of the culture of two oldest civilizations of the world.
In Bareilly College, Persian is taught since the foundation of the college in 1837. Apart from B.A. courses, on part time certificate course is also taught in Bareilly College to equip the students with the job opportunities in translation of Persian documents as well as interpreting the delegates and tourists visiting India in large number from the countries where Persian is spoken now a days.
At present, Dr Md Sadre Alam (a product of JNU) is the head of the department. He has traveled to Iran and Uzbekistan for academic reason. He has also written a book in collaboration with an Afghan visiting professor in JNU. The book is actually a translation of ‘Meghdootam’ by Kalidas in Persian language. The effect has been to make aware the Persian knowing people of the world of the great literary achievement of the luminarie